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Selection, Assembly & Construction | Types of Trays | Express Delivery

Types of Trays

AMISTCO Valve Types

1. Sieve or Perforated Trays

2. Valve Trays

3. AMISTCO Valve Types

4. Bubble Cap Trays

5. Dual Flow Trays

6. Baffle Trays

7. High Strength Trays

8. Additional Tray
Design Options

Sieve or Perforated Trays


Sieve trays are made from a flat perforated plate which allows the passage of vapor through the liquid. They are the most economical tray option when low turndown is required. They have better anti-fouling characteristics and lower pressure drop than valve or bubble cap trays. Perforations are typically 1/2” diameter, but AMISTCO can provide designs with smaller hole size.

Valve Trays


AMISTCO valve trays have better turndown and slightly higher efficiency than sieve trays. AMISTCO offers different valve selections including fixed valves, floating valves and combination valves. Valve trays cost more than sieve trays, but are more economical than bubble cap trays.

AMISTCO Valve Types


One Piece Valve

3 Piece Valve

Fixed Valve

One Piece Rectangular Valve

This is the most commonly used valve. This design features integral legs for tray decks up to 1/4” thickness. Anti-stick dimples are standard. Other options include heavy/light valve combination, flush designs and non-rotating tabs in the tray deck.

This valve consists of a light weight orifice plate, a valve, and a restraining cage. This design is recommended for higher turndowns.

This valve is integral with the tray deck. This is the preferred option for fouling conditions. However, it provides lower turndown and less efficiency than floating valves.

AMISTCO offers rectangular valves, caged valves, and also venturi type openings to provide lower pressure drop.

Bubble Cap Trays


Bubble cap trays are best suited for applications with low liquid flows and/or high turndown ratios. In terms of capacity, however, they are slightly lower than valve or sieve trays. They are also the most expensive tray option.

Dual Flow Trays


Dual flow trays are sieve trays that do not have downcomers. The term dual flow comes from the countercurrent flow of the vapor and liquid through the perforations. Typical perforation sizes range between 1/2” and 1” in diameter. Dual flow trays best suit systems containing a moderate to high solids content or polymerizable compounds. High open area dual flow trays have a higher capacity and lower pressure drop than comparably spaced fractionation trays. However, their primary drawback is their narrow operating range. Most often, they are efficient when used in smaller tower diameters. Dual flow trays are also sensitive to levelness and may be subject to gross liquid and vapor flow partitioning through the deck if not level.

Baffle Trays


Because of their open design, baffle trays are used in applications requiring high capacity, fouling resistance and low pressure drop. Vapor-liquid contacting takes place when the vapor passes through a curtain of liquid falling between trays, or through rivulets of liquid flowing through tray deck perforations. Tray decks may be level or slightly inclined and typically occupy 40-60% of the tower cross-sectional area. “Disk and donut” trays have circular baffles and are a popular variant of this deign.

Baffle trays are well suited for heattransfer applications including heavy oil refining and petrochemical oil refining and petrochemical heat transfer services with high solids or petroleum coke content.

High Strength Trays


For applications with potentially damaging uplift surges, AMISTCO can equip trays with special heavy duty features. These include special fasteners, increased tray thickness or additional support beams. Depending upon specific operating criteria, design adjustments can be made to take into account parameters such as corrosion, temperature, vibration and pressure surges. Contact your AMISTCO separation specialist for design assistance.

Additional Tray Design Options


For special customer requirements and/or performance, AMISTCO Separation Products, Inc. offers numerous tray performance enhancing features. Some of the most common features offered by AMISTCO include:

Cartridge Trays– Suitable for small diameter body flanges. Can provide up to 5 trays per cartridge. Different sealing options are available.

Anti-Jump Downcomer Baffles– To prevent liquids flowing across the tray from jumping over the downcomer onto the opposing flow path. Anti-Jump Downcomer Baffles are standard for multi-pass trays with center and off-center downcomers.

Picket-Fence Weirs– These are used to decrease the effective weir height. This is for low liquid flows, and using this option will help increase the effective liquid height and prevent blowing.

Splash Baffles– For low liquid rate services, Splash Baffles serve to maximize the liquid retention time on the trays. They can be used in place of, or in conjunction with, picket fence weirs. Splash baffles are located adjacent and parallel to the outlet weir. They clear the tray deck and outlet by 1/2” to 1” forcing the exiting liquid to flow under the baffle before it flows over the top of the outlet weir.

Swept-Back Weirs– To reduce the effective liquid height on the tray by lowering the volume of liquid per unit length flowing over the outlet weir. This option should be considered for high liquid flow rates.

Swept-Back Weirs - are used on side downcomers. They can also be used to balance weir loads between side and off-center downcomers in multi-pass tray designs.

Sloped Downcomers with Recessed Inlet Sumps– Suitable for heavy liquid loads that could otherwise cause downcomer flooding.


Tower Trays Brochure

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